PHISO is a legal body registered under the number 239/054/55 It is recognized by the Government of Nepal and tax-exempted.

Nepal & PHISO

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked and located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million, Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country.

It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China and to the south, east, and west by India. Kathmandu is the nation's capital city and largest metropolis. The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest . More than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level are located in Nepal. The southern Terai region is fertile, flat and home of One Horn Rhinoceros and Royal Bengal Tiger. Nepal is truly a land of eternal attraction, colourful cultures, ancient history and amazing people. Nepal is one of the most beautiful countries in the world in terms of natural beauty with hundreds of miles of forested area, rivers and streams, green lush valleys and hillside villages filled with terraced fields. It is the home of Mt. Everest, Buddha and Sherpas! With the population of nearly thirty million, Nepal is a melting pot of many races and tribes. The main characteristic of Nepali people is their simplicity and hospitality. Nepalese are simple in every way. Their means of livelihood and way of life are very simple. They are very friendly and cooperative.

Despite being such a beautiful country with amazing people, Nepal is one of the least developed country with a very low income economy, ranking 145th of 187 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI) in 2014. It continues to struggle with high levels of hunger, poverty and natural disaster. Nepal is amongst the five poorest countries of the World, with about one-quarter of its population living below the poverty line. Nepal is heavily dependent on remittances, which amount to as much as 22-25% of GDP. More than three million Nepalese youth work overseas due to lack of employment opportunity in the country. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for more than 70% of the population and accounting for one-third of the GDP.

An isolated, agrarian society until the mid-20th century, Nepal entered the modern era in 1951 without schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunications, electric power, industry, or civil service. Today, the poverty is largely a rural phenomenon and the largest concentration of rural poor is in the Hills, comprising households with either no land or tiny plots of non-irrigated land on the hill sides. Most part of the country is road less so majority of the population do not have access to central market and facilities. Despite these challenges, the country has been making steady progress, with the government making a commitment to graduate the nation from least developed country status by 2022.

Since 1996 His Majesty’s Government of Nepal (HMGN) has had to contend with the Maoist insurgency, which began in the hill districts of western Nepal. Many of the hill districts have been most affected by the recent conflicts, the Banks and government agencies have withdrawn from many rural areas, which local election have not been held, livelihood, income and household food security in the hills, fragile at the best of the times, have further eroded as a result of the conflict. Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) led to the long Nepal Civil War and more than 12,000 deaths. On 1 June 2001, there was a massacre in the royal palace. King Birendra, Queen Aiswarya, and seven other members of the royal family were killed.

With only King Birendra’s brother, Gyanendra and his family surviving, he was crowned the King. King Gyanendra abided by the elected government for some time and then dismissed the elected Parliament to wield absolute power. In April 2006, another People’s Movement was launched jointly by the democratic parties focusing most energy in Kathmandu which led to a 19-day curfew. Eventually, King Gyanendra relinquished his power and reinstated the Parliament. On November 21, 2006, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and Maoist chairman Prachanda signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) 2006, committing to democracy and peace for the progress of the country and people. A Constituent Assembly election was held on April 10, 2008. On May 28,2008, the newly elected Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a Federal Democratic Republic, abolishing the 240 year-old monarchy. Nepal today has a President as Head of State and a Prime Minister heading the Government.

However, despite this unfavourable situation NGOs have played a major role in community/regional development and education sector of the rural areas of Nepal, especially those employing local people, are still implementing development activities even in continued conflict areas. But most of the NGOs are centralized in major cities like Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal and the service providing activities are low profile or in zero level.

Peekye Hill Social organization is one of the NGOs directly working in the rural areas of Nepal making active presence of local peoples of the area.


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